Cities, Towns and Communities
Miami – county seat | Wayside
Roberts County History 1922. Lying just west of Hemphill County is Roberts County, which was organized January 10, 1890. The Canadian River crossed the county on the north half, and the Southern Kansas Division of the Santa Fe, which was constructed in 1887, gave the county its first and only railroad. The county seat was located at the little town of Miami, on the railroad: and that is the only town of importance in the county. The surface of the county is composed of considerable broken land along the Canadian Riverand its tributaries, and elsewhere is composed’ of plains, and the soil is for the most part a sandy loam. The population of the county in 1880 was thirty-two ; in 1890, 326; in 1900, 620 ; in 1910, 950, and in 1920, 1,469.
Outside of its use by the cattlemen for the past thirty years as a great stock range, Roberts County has comparatively little development, though in recent years the farmers have encroached upon the ranches, and the county is now producing a large total of the staple Panhandle crops. The amount of “improved land” in 1900 was 3,600 acres, and was increased by 1910 to about 18,000 acres. The number of farms and ranches was fifty-nine in 1900, and ninety-three in 1910. The total area of the county is 564,480 acres, of which 557,377 acres were reported in farms and ranches at the last census. The last enumeration reported 39,518 cattle and 1,983 horses and mules. In the year 1909, 4,693 acres were planted in hay and forage crops ; 3,039 acres in corn ; 1,423 acres in wheat, and 915 acres in kafir corn and milo maize. The valuation of property in the county in 1903 was $1,118,987; in 1913, $2,671,554; in 1920, $3,696,803. – History of Texas, 1922, by W. Barrett Travis.