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Austin in 1937

What Was Austin Like in 1937?

City of Austin

Austin, the capital of Texas, is known as “The friendly city”. It was located in 1839 by a commission appointed by the Republic of Texas, and named after Stephen F. Austin, the Father of Texas. The Commission carried out its instructions to find the most attractive spot in Texas by selecting the site where the city now stands. Natural beauties in and around Austin impress and attract the traveler and visitor.

Austin is today the seventh city of Texas, with a population estimated in 1937, of 72,454. During the decade from 1920-30 it grew in numbers 52.3%, indicating a healthy economic condition and high class of citizenship.

Exceptional educational facilities are available, and these, together with State eleemosynary institutions and legislative organizations cause numerous families to adopt this as their residence.

Although primarily not a manufacturing city, Austin has 63 manufacturing establishments that produce annually, products valued at approximately four million dollars. These industries are favored in special instances by being close to supplies of raw materials. A half-million dollar stone finishing plant, the largest chili and tamale canning factory in the United States, and the largest brick plant in the Southwest, are outstanding industries.

A long range of semi-mountains guard the city on the west and provide unusual hiking and camping opportunities. The mighty Colorado River, cutting its way through the range for centuries, has created the “Palisades of the Colorado” where high cliffs and peaks offer breath-taking views. The waters of the Colorado and tributary mountain streams are splendid for boating and fishing.

To the east of the city the land is level to gently rolling, and well-kept farms, producing an abundance of dairy products and garden products, as well as large crops of cotton, corn, hay and other feed crops, provide the city with those necessary articles, and are an important and stabilizing force in the economic life of the community.

The hilly and semi-mountainous country west of Austin is networked with automobile drives where constant surprises are found as the scenery unfolds before the eyes of the motorist. Among the drives of special interest are the road to Ham­mett’s Crossing over the “Swiss Alps”, the loop to Bee Cave, Bull Creek Drive and the newly completed 60 mile drive across Lohman’s Bridge over the Colorado, called “Mountain Route”. There is also an unusual creation of nature known as Hamilton’s Pool with a 100-foot waterfall.



30° 16' 1.74" N, 97° 44' 35.016" W