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Houston in 1937

The section of the United States where petroleum development centers around Houston is regarded as the Nation’s great reserve for future supplies when flush production from existing fields falls below the country’s requirements. It is safe to predict that a

quarter of a century hence the oil field development activity in Houston area will not be appreciably below today’s standard. In the 14 months commencing January 1, 1933, approximately 250 new business enterprises were launched at Houston in the oil industry. The industry continues to expand rapidly.

Houston is supplied by an unlimited supply of natural gas, at low cost, for industrial and domestic use. This supply is collected from widely separated fields and brought to Houston in five main trunk lines, thus affording a complete safeguard against interruption of service.

More than 48 per cent of all the live stock in Texas has a railrate advantage to Houston over any other packing center in Texas. Figures submitted for taxation show that the Houston area has 5,290,614 head of cattle, hogs, sheep and goats. The Houston area raises 38.9 per cent of all the cattle, 41.6 per cent of all hogs, 42.5 per cent of all the sheep and 76.9 per cent of all the goats in Texas.

Within the past two years a great improvement has been made in live stock in the Houston area, particularly in cattle. The Gulf Coast section of Texas has for years been recognized as the breeding grounds for the North American continent, but only in recent years have the livestock men given serious consideration to the type of cattle produced. At the Fat Stock Show held in Houston, March, 1934, the grand champion carload of steers produced in South Texas was in competition with steers from Oklahoma, Missouri and Kansas as well as other sections of Texas.

Indicative of the remarkable growth of agriculture in Harris County is a government survey showing the number of farms in 1930 as compared with 1925. The increase in this county exceeded that of the total of any five counties in the state. In 1925 there were 2,760 farms in Harris County, and in 1930 the total had increased to 4,170.

There are 2,825 acres in Houston’s public park system. The smaller parks are situated as to be accessible to every resident. Most of the parks are equipped with modern playground facilities and super­vised play is conducted by the city recreation depart­ment and an eighteen-hole municipal golf course is available to the public in Hermann Park.

Hermann Park also includes a zoological garden, the many varied specimens of which are housed in permanent buildings, and a museum of natural history.

The climate of Houston permits the enjoyment of outdoor sports the year round. Fresh and salt water fishing and hunting for both large and small game are available for the Houston sportsman.

Within short distances of Houston are a number of bayshore resorts where one may enjoy all forms of aquatic sports and indulge in a great variety of sum­mer diversions.

Houston is the home of the Rice Institute, a school of higher learning that has achieved international honors for its exceptional academic standards. It was founded by William Marsh Rice, Houston pioneer, and is supported by an endowment of $14,000,000. Tuition is free, and its educational opportunities are available to both young men and young women.

The State of Texas book: one hundred years of progress 1937, pages 222-224


29° 45' 37.548" N, 95° 22' 11.28" W