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Coleman and Coleman County in 1929

Coleman and Coleman County in 1929

Coleman County was formed from a part of Travis County, the first organization being perfected in 1858, by the Texas Supreme Court for frontier purposes. During the Civil War the county organization was abandoned. The present organization of the county was completed in 1875, and Coleman made the county seat in 1876. The greater part of the early settlers came from the Eastern and Southern States and from Eastern Texas, where settlement was already well developed. Some emigrants from the Northern States are said to have entered the county after settlement was well under way. The Gulf, Colo­rado and Santa Railway was built to Coleman and westward in 1886, and following its advent the settlement of the county increased rapidly. The northern extension of the Santa Fe from Coleman to Sweetwater and beyond was built in 1907. The population has steadily increased in the county, until it has approximately 25,000 at the present time.

The City of Coleman, county seat of Coleman County, is located very near the exact center of the state, in Central West Texas.

Ft. Worth is 160 miles northeast of Coleman. Sweetwater is 100 miles northwest of Coleman. San Antonio is 200 miles south of Coleman Houston is 300 miles southeast of Coleman.

The United States Census report for 1920 gave Coleman's population at 2,868. The population of the city today is 6.044. The altitude for the county ranges from 1,400 to 2,250 feet above sea level, the city of Coleman being 1,710 feet above sea level. The climate in the county is very mild, there being no extreme cold weather in winter, or any exception­ally hot weather in the summer. The average temperature of Coleman is 64.7° Fah., and the average rainfall per year is approximately 28 inches.

The City of Coleman is maintained with the commission form of government. The Mayor, E. P. Scarborough, is ably assisted in the management of the city by Mr. Frank W. Taylor and Mr. J. T. Blair.

The water supply of Coleman is very abundant, and of the very best. It is supplied from Lake Scarborough, a large lake holding sufficient supply to last two years. It is municipally owned, as well as the electricity and power plant. Coleman has had gas for fuel since 1919, which is supplied by the Coleman Gas and Oil Co.

The educational system of Coleman is exceptionally good, there being two ward schools and a new high school, costing in the vicinity of $150,000.00. The faculty consists of thirty-four literary teachers, and the high school has thirty-four affiliated credits.

The principal industry of Coleman County is agriculture, there being approximately 800,000 acres in the county. Agriculture is divided into farming and ranching, the latter consisting of raising cattle, sheep, goats and some horses and mules. Cotton is the prin­cipal cash crop, oats, wheat, corn and grain sorghums are also raised. Sorghum, Johnson grass and Sudan grass constitute the principal hay crops. Barley, rye and peanuts are grown in the county. Watermelons, cantaloupes and small fruits are grown on the sandy soils. Potatoes and sweet potatoes are grown for local consumption. The pecan industry has developed greatly in the last few years, and turkey raising is also developing rapidly.

Oil is found in Coleman County at depths ranging from 390 feet to 2800 feet. There are twenty separate and distinct oil pools within Coleman County, and over 200 producing wells at this time. The average daily production is about 3,700 barrels, and there was over 1,000.000 barrels produced in 1928: 4

The citizenship of Coleman is made up largely of native born white Americans and is well educated. Our people are bonded together by a high type of citizenship in civic, business and religious organizations for the purpose of promoting the industrial, commer­cial, social and spiritual welfare of the community.

The cost of living in Coleman compares very favorably with that of any other city of similar size and population in the United States. There are several new additions for those seeking homesites on the edge of the city, that are beautiful and attractive.

by S. O'Neal, Secretary Coleman Chamber of Commerce.

Hudspeth Directory Company's Coleman City Directory, 1929


31° 49' 38.532" N, 99° 25' 35.22" W